Refugee Management and Reintegration - Can Enterprise Architecture Help?

Amar Kumar Pandey
Amar Kumar Pandey
IPS, ADGP, Railways
Government of Karnataka

The recognition of policy of refugee return has always been thought of a preferred political choice to reconcile the needs of refugees and burden sharing based on empathy and moral ethical values of the nation states.

The refugee issues since time immemorial are seen as the limitations of the political ideology of the nation states towards humanity and enlargement of the narrower concept of homogenization of social, political and cultural identity.

The Sierra Leone Refugees had to face the very difficult situation as the refugees were attacked by the military of Guinea and thus forcing the refugees to choose to return even in the conditions of the extreme vulnerability and complete lack of security all around. However, the cessation of conflict and activation of regional mechanism gradually led to the improvement of situations.

Do Enterprise Architecture principles hold the key to the burgeoning problem?

Let’s understand how does six system variables (Functions, roles, locations, timing, data, rules) impact “Return Management”. Fifteen stages which are identified are Peace Agreement, Cessation of War, Demilitarization, Conduct of election, Internal Security, Impartial Administration, Robust Judiciary, Restitution of Property & Human Rights, Reconstruction Program, Armed Forces & Police Reforms, Prosecution, Economic Reconstruction, Constitutional Reforms, Re-integration.

“Displacement–return” situation is a very complex problem. In our experience, this complexity arises due to over thirty-nine key challenges (motivations -> rules) which are common irrespective of the area (geography) of operation. There are over a dozen challenges which are country specific. As you will notice, there exist definite relationship (dependency) among these challenges. These challenges create difficulty in solution envisioning. Any attempt to create a unified solution must ensure these issues addressed. Some of the challenges include Policy Uncertainties, Lack of economy assets, Indebtedness, Lack of employment opportunities, Keeping Cross-border relationship, Health & education facilities, Exploitation, Return to rural areas, etc.

Also, there are several country-specific challenges as well. It is important to understand how does these challenges are linked to various functions and associated stakeholder. Is there an Architecture for "Refugee Return"?


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